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Sweden, officially the Kingdom of Sweden, is a Scandinavian country in Northern Europe. It borders Norway to the west and north and Finland to the east, and is connected to Denmark by a bridge over the Öresund to the southwest. With an area of 450,295 square kilometers, Sweden is the third largest country in the European Union in terms of area. Sweden has a total population of 10.2 million, of which 2.4 million have a foreign background. It has a low population density of 22 inhabitants per square kilometer. The highest concentration is in the southern half of the country. About 85% of the population lives in urban areas, according to a single Swedish definition, based on only 200 people joining together to form an urban system. By contrast, the OECD definition of the smallest urban system is 50,000 people. According to the OECD definition, only 41% of Swedes live in urban areas. Therefore, Sweden is a very rural country.