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Slovakia, officially the Slovak Republic, is a landlocked country in Central Europe. It is bordered to the north by Poland, to the east by Ukraine, to the west by the Czech Republic, to the south by Hungary and to the southwest by Austria. The territory of Slovakia covers about 49,000 km² and is predominantly mountainous. The population is over 5.4 million and consists mainly of Slovaks. The capital and largest city is Bratislava, the second largest city is Košice. The official language is Slovak. The Slavs came in the 5th and 6th century in the territory of today's Slovakia. In the 7th century they played a significant role in the founding of Samo's empire and founded the Principality of Nitra in the 9th century. In the 10th century the area was integrated into the Kingdom of Hungary.