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Denmark, officially the Kingdom of Denmark, is a Nordic country and a sovereign state. The southernmost of the Scandinavian countries is located in the southwest of Sweden and south of Norway and borders Germany to the south. The Kingdom of Denmark also includes two autonomous states in the North Atlantic: the Faroe Islands and Greenland. The actual Denmark consists of a peninsula, Jutland and an archipelago of 443 islands, of which the largest are Zealand, Funen and the North Jutland Island. The islands are characterized by flat, farmland and sandy coasts, low altitude and a temperate climate. Denmark has a total area of 42,924 km2, a land area of 42,394 km2, and the total area including Greenland and the Faroe Islands is 2,210,579 km2 and a population of 5,781,190. The united Kingdom of Denmark emerged in the 10th century as a competent seafaring nation in the struggle for control of the Baltic Sea.