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Turin is a city and important business and cultural center in northern Italy. It is the capital of the metropolis of Turin and the Piedmont region and was the first capital of Italy from 1861 to 1865. The city is located mainly on the western shore of the Po, opposite the Susa Valley. It is surrounded by the western Alps and Superga Hill. The population of the city proper is 883,281, while the population of the urban area of Eurostat is estimated at 1.7 million inhabitants. The metropolitan area of Turin is estimated by the OECD to have 2.2 million inhabitants. The city has a rich culture and history known for its numerous art galleries, restaurants, churches, palaces, opera houses, piazzas, parks, gardens, theaters, libraries, museums and other venues. Turin is known for its Renaissance, Baroque, Rococo, Neoclassic and Art Nouveau architecture.