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Bristol is a city and county in South West England with 459,300 inhabitants. The larger district has the tenth largest population in England. The urban area of 724,000 inhabitants is the eighth largest in the UK. The city is adjacent to North Somerset and South Gloucestershire, with the cities of Bath and Gloucester in the southeast and northeast respectively. South Wales is opposite the Severn Estuary. Iron age hill forts and Roman villas were built at the confluence of the Frome and Avon rivers. At the beginning of the 11th century, the settlement was called Brycgstow. Bristol received a royal statute in 1155 and was historically divided between Gloucestershire and Somerset until 1373, when it became a county. From the 13th to the 18th century, Bristol was one of London's three largest cities in terms of tax revenue after London. Bristol was surpassed by the rapid rise of Birmingham, Manchester and Liverpool in the Industrial Revolution.