Seoul is a largest city and the capital of the Republic of Korea . It Forms the country's only special status city, divided into 25 self-governing districts. The official name of the city - Seoul Special City
The population is 10.1 million people (2015), or 19.5% of the country's population. It forms the agglomeration of Seoul-Incheon with a population of 23.5 million people (2015), the fourth-largest in the world. Located in the northwest of the Republic of Korea near the Yellow Sea , on a plain surrounded by mountains, on the banks of the Han River , 24 km from the border with the DPRK . It is the main political, economic and cultural center of the Republic of Korea. One of the leading financial centers of East Asia.
Since 1394, under the name Khanyang - the capital of Korea, since 1948 under the name Seoul - the capital of the Republic of Korea. During the Korean War, the city was badly damaged. Remains of the fortress wall with the gates are preserved, the palace complex Gyeongbokgun of the XIV century was restored . There are UNESCO World Heritage Sites.
Flights to Seoul
Seoul International Airport - ICN
Incheon International Airport - ICN - is an international airport, located in the metropolitan Incheon , seventy kilometers from the capital of the Republic of Korea, the city of Seoul , the largest aviation hub of the country and one of the largest airports in the world indicators of the volume of international air transport and the number of operations of take-offs and landings of aircraft.
The airport , which opened in early 2001, took over most of the international flights of Gimpo International Airport, which currently serves domestic flights and charter flights to Tokyo ( Haneda ), Shanghai ( Hongqiao ) and Osaka ( Kansai ). Incheon International Airport is the base airport and the main hub for national airlines Korean Air and Asiana Airlines .Every year since 2005, Incheon Airport is recognized as the best in the world by the Airports Council International and every year, along with Hong Kong International Airport and the International Airport of Singapore Changi , receives the highest rating of "Five Stars" according to British research firm the Skytrax . In 2009, Incheon Airport took the leading place in the Skytrax rating, for the first time having bypassed all the airports in the world.
At the beginning of 2007, Incheon International Airport took the eighth place among the busiest airports in Asia in terms of the total volume of passenger traffic, the fifth in the world in terms of cargo turnover and the eleventh place among the busiest airports in volume of international passenger traffic of the world. The airport building has an exclusive infrastructure of amenities, including golf courses, massage rooms, sleeping rooms, casinos and conservatories
Average for Seoul
The climate is monsoon. Seoul is located on the same latitude with the south of Turkey ( Antalya , Alanya ), Greece , Spain and other warm countries, nevertheless in the city there is a stable, although short, mild winter. The average January temperature is -6.8 C.
The summer is hot (the average temperature in August is 25.5 C) and very wet, which makes sweat worse evaporates and lessens the body's cooling, so the heat is much heavier than, for example, in Astrakhan, where the average July temperature is, but because of the semi-desert climate air dry and sweat from the skin quickly evaporates. However, strong heat in the city is rare, and the temperature rarely reaches 35 C. Seoul differs from cities with a tropical desert and a steppe climate ( Cairo , Tashkent , Astrakhanand others), in which the average July temperature is similar. In summer the monsoon (May-September) comes to the city, and the average monthly precipitation exceeds 300 mm. Over a day, sometimes more than 100 mm of precipitation can fall out, and when a typhoon passes, more than 250 mm of precipitation (for comparison: the annual rainfall in Moscow is approximately 705 mm).
In the remaining seasons, winds from the mainland prevail, and in winter the anticyclonic type of weather prevails. Seoul is not protected from the northern winds by mountains, sometimes in the city the temperature can drop to -15 C or lower.
Today, the city's population is a quarter of the population of South Korea, Seoul occupies the seventh place among the world's cities by the number of corporate headquarters in the Fortune 500 list of the largest multinational corporations.
Seoul is one of the largest industrial and financial centers in the world. Here are the headquarters of corporations Samsung , LG , Hyundai , Kia and SK . In Seoul, there are about 20,000 enterprises. Although Seoul occupies only 0.6% of the territory of the Republic of Korea, the city produces 21% of the country's GDP . The main industries: trade, engineering, telecommunications, electronics, construction.
In Seoul are the headquarters of many international companies. International banks Citigroup , Deutsche Bank , HSBC , Goldman Sachs , JPMorgan Chase , Barclays , Grupo Santander , UBS , Credit Suisse , UniCredit , Societe Generale , Calyon , BBVA , Macquarie Group , ING Bank , State Street and Standard Chartered have their branches in the city. Seoul according to The Economist Intelligence Unit in 2015 entered the top ten most expensive cities in the world
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Current conditions for Seoul, (ICN), South Korea (37.43°/127.12°)
Altitude: 65.62ft / 20m
Temperature: 32 °F / 0 °C
- Feels like:
- 33 °F / 0 °C
- 21 °F / -6 °C
- Wind direction:
- 180° S
- Wind speed:
- 1mi per hr / 2km per hr (1kts per sec / 1m per sec)
- Cloud cover:
- 6.21mi / 10km
- 30.4in / 1026.4mb
Content from Wikipedia.