Manila is the state capital of Philippines , one of the 16 towns that form the Metropolitan Region of the country (Metro Manila). It borders with the cities of Navotas and Kalookan (in the north), Quezon City (in the north-east), San Juan and Mandaluyong (in the east), Makati (in the southeast) and Pasay (in the south). In the west it is washed by the waters of the Manila Bay. With a population of 1,660,714 people according to the 2007 census, Manila is the country's second largest city after Quezon. With an area of only 38.55 km, Manila is considered the most populous city in the world
The most common language of the population is Filipino (based mainly on Tagalog ). English is widespread in business and in the field of education. Migrants from different regions of the country speak different languages and dialects. The Chinese population of Manila speaks mainly in the Southmin Chinese version of the language.
Catholics make up 93.5% of the population of Manila; the supporters of the Independent Church of Finland account for 2.4%; The Church of Christ - 1.9%; Protestantism - 1.8%; Buddhism - 1.1%; other religions - 1.4%
Flights to Manila
Manila International Airport - MNL
Manila International Airport is a civil airport serving the metropolitan area of the Capital Region . The largest air harbor of the Philippines is located on the border between the cities of Pasay and Paranak , about seven kilometers south of Manila and southeast of Makati .
The airport is managed by the state company " Management of Manila International Airport " (a subsidiary of the Department of Transportation and Communications ) and is a major transit center ( hub ) for all Philippine carriers.
The airport is named after the former Filipino Senator Benigno "Ninoya" Akino Jr. , who was killed at the same airport on August 21, 1983, when he returned from exile from the United States of America .
In 2012, 31 558 002 passengers used the services of Manila International Airport . In terms of passenger traffic, the port is one of the busiest commercial airports in the Asian region
Ninoy Aquino International Airport operates one main runway with a length of 3,410 meters and one auxiliary runway with a length of 1998 meters
Ninoy Aquino International Airport is one of two Philippine airports certified to receive the Airbus A380 (the second is Clark International Airport ). As of January 2014, this type of aircraft is not used for regular transport to Manila, but the port has all the necessary infrastructure for its maintenance provided by Lufthansa Technik Philippines. On October 11, 2007, the A380 (registration as F-WWEA) landed on runway 24 as a test run. Test landing and takeoff demonstrated the airport's ability to receive Airbus A380 liners
Average for Manila
The climate of Manila is subequatorial, with a sharply defined boundary between the dry and wet seasons. Dry season lasts from the second half of December to May, wet - the rest of the year, its peak is reached in August, when a month about 350 mm of precipitation falls. The average annual temperature varies from 27 C in December-January to 30 C in April , May.
The city suffers heavily from air pollution by industrial emissions and transport. The open dumps of industrial wastes also contribute to the deterioration of the quality of the environment. Several rivers in the city are considered to be biologically dead. One of the most polluted rivers in the world is Pasig, where, according to 2003 data, about 150 tons of household waste and 75 tons of industrial waste are dumped dail . The main cause of pollution is the underdeveloped infrastructure of the city. The most polluted air is in the Hermitage area.
Possessing a convenient harbor, Manila is the main port of the country and one of the busiest ports in the world. Industry includes the production of chemicals, textiles and clothing, electronics, food and beverages, tobacco products, plywood, copra, coconut oil, etc. The food industry is one of the most stable sectors of production. Philippine Printing Industry Center. The city attracts more than 1 million tourists a year.
Being the center of the archdiocese of Manila, the oldest in the country, the city is home to many churches. The Cathedral of the Archdiocese is the Manila Cathedral (Small Basilica of the Immaculate Conception). In the city there are three more basilicas: the Church of Kyapo (Basilica of the Swarthy Nazarene), the Little Basilica of St. Lorenzo Ruiz and the Basilica of St. Sebastian. It is worth noting also the church of San Agustin - the oldest surviving church of the country, which was built in 1607. In 1993, San Agustin became one of the four churches of the Philippines, declared by UNESCO Heritage sites under the common name "Philippine churches in the Baroque style." In addition, Manila has several Buddhist and Taoist temples built by the local Chinese community. In the Kyapo district, where a fairly large Muslim community lives, there are the Ad-Dahab Mosque (Golden Mosque), as well as the Green Mosque.
As a cultural center of the Philippines, Manila is home to a large number of museums. One of the most famous museums of the capital is Bahai Tsinoy, telling about the life of the Chinese community of the country and its contribution to the culture of the Philippines. The Museum of Light and Sound in Intramuros is dedicated to the Philippine Revolution under the leadership of Risal. The Manila Metropolitan Museum contains a rich collection of Filipino art, and the Manila Museum reflects the culture and history of the city. You can also note the Children's Museum of Pambata, the Museum of Political History of the Philippines, the National Museum of the Philippines.
Of other attractions, the Risal Park is interesting, located in the historic heart of the city. The park was the site of many historical moments of the country. So, in the place where the park is now, the national hero of the Philippines, Jose Risal , was executed for preparing the uprising against Spanish rule , after which the park subsequently got its name. The park itself is notable for its Japanese and Chinese gardens, there is also a planetarium, a national library, a butterfly pavilion, an orchidarium, an oceanarium, a relief map of the country and some other attractions. Flagstaff to the west of the Risal Park is zero kilometers when counting distances in the Philippines.
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Current conditions for Manila, (MNL), Philippines (14.52°/121°)
Altitude: 45.93ft / 14m
Temperature: 80.6 °F / 27 °C
- Feels like:
- 88 °F / 31 °C
- 77 °F / 25 °C
- Wind direction:
- 230° SW
- Wind speed:
- 8mi per hr / 13km per hr (7kts per sec / 4m per sec)
- Cloud cover:
- 4.97mi / 8km
- 29.82in / 1007.1mb
Content from Wikipedia.