Jakarta - a special capital district, capital and largest city of Indonesia . It is located in the northwest coast of the island of Java at the confluence of the Chiliwong River (Kali Besar) into the Yavan Sea . The Area is - 664 km (including a group of islands Pulau-Seribu). Population 9 607 787 people (2010, census). The population density is 14 469.56 people per square meter. km. Religious composition: 85.5% - Muslims , 5.2% - Protestants , 4.8% - Catholics , 3.5% - Buddhists , 1% - Hindus .
According to the 2008 Worldwide Studies and Globalization Study (GaWC), Jakarta is a global city. Another Brooking Institute survey of 2011 places Jakarta on 17th place in economic growth among the world's top 200 cities, ahead of other major cities in the region, such as the Tower of Lumpur , Beijing and Bangkok .
Famous landmarks include the National Monument and the Istiklal Mosque . The ASEAN Secretariat is located in the city . it is Operated by International Airport "Soekarno-Hatta" , International Airport "Halim Perdanakusuma" port Tanjung Priok , several urban and interurban railways and bus routes for bus rapid transport .
Flights to Jakarta
Jakarta International Airport - CGK
Soekarno Hatta International Airport - the airport, located in Tangerang (province of Banten Indonesia ). The IATA-CGK code is derived from the second name of Cengkareng Airport (the name of the Chengkareng district in north-west Jakarta), often used by locals. The name Sukarno - Hatta in honor of the first president of Indonesia, Ahmed Sukarno and First Vice President Muhamed Hutt .
The author of the project is the famous French architect Paul Andreu. The airport began operating on May 1, 1985. In 1992, the second airport terminal was built, and in 2009 the third terminal of the airport was launched.
The airport area is 18 km, the airport has two independent runways. At the airport there are three passenger terminals (1, 2, 3). In Terminal 1 domestic flights of Indonesian airlines are serviced, and the terminal itself is divided into three sectors 1A, 1B and 1C. Terminal 2 serves international flights and consists of three sectors 2E, 2F and 2D. Completed and put into operation in April 2009, part of Terminal 3 is used for flights of airlines AirAsia and Mandala Airlines. The complete completion of the construction of Terminal 3 is planned for 2020.
Terminals 1 and 2 are two symmetrical semi-circular buildings located opposite each other. The length of the transition between the two opposite exit ports at opposite ends of Terminal 2 is 940 meters. The terminals themselves are located at an average distance of 1.5 kilometers, between the terminals there are large busy highways. For the transportation of passengers between the terminals the bus runs. Terminal 3 (T3) is located on the same side as terminal 2.
At the airport, the cost of airport services was charged at the departure. As of 2017, the payment is included in the ticket price and the passenger is not charged separately. Including when flying a low-cost airline.
The annual number of passengers in 2008 and 2009 was about 32 million passengers, in 2009 - about 33 million passengers, in 2013 - 59.7 million passengers.
Average for Jakarta
The climate of the city is subequatorial, hot, with a pronounced dry season in June-August and humid the rest of the year. Precipitation falls 400 mm in January and 70 mm in June-July. The humidity is 73%. The average annual precipitation is 2 000 mm.Jakarta has a tropical monsoon climate. The wet season in Jakarta covers the majority of the year, running from October through May. The remaining four months (June through September) constitute the city's drier season (each of these 4 months has an average monthly rainfall of less than 100 millimetres (3.9 in)). Located in the western part of Java, Jakarta's wet season rainfall peak is January and February with average monthly rainfall of 299.7 millimetres (11.80 in), and its dry season low point is August with a monthly average of 43.2 mm (1.70 in).
The largest industrial center of the country (more than 27 thousand enterprises, including more than 8 thousand artisan). Auto-assembly, textile, sewing, shoe, electronic, food, chemical, pharmaceutical, printing, glass, paper, woodworking, ship-repair shipbuilding, metalworking industry. New industrial zones are being actively developed (Pulo-Gadung, Anchol, Pulo-Mas, Chempaka-Putih, Gandaria, Pluit).
As the political and economic capital of Indonesia , Jakarta attracts many foreign and domestic tourists. Therefore, Jakarta is a cosmopolitan city with a diverse culture. Many of the city's immigrants come from different parts of the island of Java, bringing with it a mixture of dialects of the Javanese and Sonoran languages , as well as their own typical foods and products.
National Museum of Indonesia. Jakarta is sometimes referred to by foreign residents as "The Great Durian." The durian is a tropical fruit with a very distinctive smell and a taste already acquired. A lively urban metropolis, Jakarta is known for its overcrowding, traffic saturation and income disparity.
The betawi ( Orang Betawi , or people of Batavia) is a term used to describe the descendants of the population living around Batavia and recognized as a tribe from the eighteenth - nineteenth century . The Betawi are the majority descendants of South Asian ethnic groups attracted to Batavia for work needs and includes people from various parts of Indonesia. 15 The language and culture of these immigrants are different from the Sonoran or Javanese. The language is more based on a dialect of the East Malays and enriched by loan words from Javanese, Mandarin Chinese and Arabic. Nowadays, the Jakarta dialects used by the population in the city are loosely based on the Betawi language.
There is also a remarkable Chinese community in Jakarta that takes several centuries. Officially they represent 6% of the population of Jakarta, although it is possible that this estimate is somewhat low.
Jakarta has several centers of performances like the Senayan. Traditional music is usually found in luxury hotels, including gamelan and wayang ( Indonesian and Malay word for theater ). As the most populated city and capital of the country, Jakarta continuously receives talents in search of a greater audience and chances of success.
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Current conditions for Jakarta, (CGK), Indonesia (-6.12°/106.65°)
Altitude: 26.25ft / 8m
Temperature: 82.4 °F / 28 °C
- Feels like:
- 86 °F / 30 °C
- 73 °F / 23 °C
- Wind direction:
- 130° SE
- Wind speed:
- 7mi per hr / 11km per hr (6kts per sec / 3m per sec)
- Cloud cover:
- 4.97mi / 8km
- 29.93in / 1010.8mb
Content from Wikipedia.