Istanbul - is the biggest city in Turkey , the main commercial, industrial and cultural center, the main port of the country. Located on the banks of the Bosporus Strait , dividing it into the European (main) and Asian parts, connected by bridges and metro tunnels - this is the only transcontinental city on the planet . The population of the first city in Europe (with the population, living in both the European and Asian parts). The former capital of the Roman , Byzantine , Latin and Ottoman empires.
Flights to Istanbul
Istanbul International Airport - IST
Istanbul Ataturk Airport is the international airport in Istanbul , Turkey's largest airport . It is located in the European part of the city 24 kilometers west of the historical center of the city - Sultanahmet Square , on the shores of the Marmara Sea . Since 1980 the airport has been named after Mustafa Kemal Ataturk , the first president of the Turkish Republic and the national hero of Turkey.
The airport is the 3rd in Europe and the 11th in the world by the number of serviced passengers. So, in 2015 the passenger turnover of the airport exceeded 61 million people. Because of the congestion of the airport, the construction of Istanbul's third airport is underway , after which Ataturk's airport is expected to be closed
Since January 2000, the airport is operated by TAV Airports (Tepe-Akfen-Ventures), which has invested $ 600 million since 1998 in the development of the airport. In 2005, TAV won a tender for airport management for 15.5 years.
On the territory of the airport is the headquarters of the Turkish national airline Turkish Airlines , for which the airport is also the main hub airport . At the airport, local Turkish airlines Atlas Global and Onur Air are also based .
Besides Ataturk Airport, Istanbul also serves the Sabiha Gokcen International Airport, located in the Asian part of the city .
Average for Istanbul
It is located on the outskirts of the subtropical climate zone , but it is affected by cold winds from the north.
In winter , the average temperature is between +3 C and +9 C. Winter is cool and humid, the temperature below 0 C is on average 21 days a year. Almost every winter, snow falls . Spring and autumn are pleasantly soft, but are prone to sudden temperature changes.
Summer in Istanbul is relatively hot, the average temperature is from 19 C to 28 C, there are periods of high humidity. However, a strong heat (35 C and above) in the city is rare.
During the year, an average of 850 mm of precipitation falls , mostly in the form of rains , which occur approximately 123 days .
The city receives more than 2000 hours of sunshine a year, summer is sunny.
The average annual relative humidity is always high, an average of about 71.5% .
The absolute temperature minimum of -16.1 C was recorded on February 9, 1927, the absolute maximum was +40.5 C (July 12, 2000) .
Since the mid-1990s, the economy of Istanbul has been one of the fastest growing economies of cities within the OECD . According to research by the McKinsey Global Institute , by 2025, it will take the 14th place in the world in the list of GDP under the RFP, with a nominal growth of about $ 291.5 billion by this time. It accounts for 27% of the GDP of Turkey as a whole and 20% of the total labor force in the country. The per capita GDP of Istanbul is 70% higher than the national average, and the productivity of the region is about 50% higher, while the Istanbul economy mainly produces products with high added value. In Istanbul, about 40% of all Turkish taxes are collected. These indicators also take into account 30 billionaires living in the city.
Istanbul has a developed diversified industry. The economy is mainly based on engineering (including shipbuilding), chemical, cement, food, light, printing, electrical , woodworking, paper and glass industries, trade and tourism. In addition, such products as: olive oil, tobacco, vehicles, electronics and much more. Despite the fact that the Istanbul economy mainly produces goods with high added value, many products with low added value are actively produced and even more visible. These are souvenirs, Turkish sweets, medium-quality clothes, national costumes and much more. Although in sum these goods account for only 26% of the city's GDP, 80% of the city's exports account for these goods.
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Current conditions for Istanbul, (IST), Turkey (40.97°/28.82°)
Altitude: 157.48ft / 48m
Temperature: 50 °F / 10 °C
- Feels like:
- 46 °F / 8 °C
- 28 °F / -2 °C
- Wind direction:
- 60° ENE
- Wind speed:
- 11mi per hr / 17km per hr (9kts per sec / 5m per sec)
- Cloud cover:
- 6.21mi / 10km
- 30.29in / 1023mb
Content from Wikipedia.