United Arab Emirates
Dubai is an Emirati city and the capital of the emirate of the same name , one of the seven United Arab Emirates . It has about 1500 km area and is geographically divided by Dubai Creek stream, resulting in two visible regions: Deira , north; and Bur Dubai , to the south. It is the largest city and the main port of the United Arab Emirates (before the federal capital Abu Dhabi ). Located in the Persian Gulf , it is the capital of the Emirate of Dubai , and has more than one million inhabitants and in its metropolitan area.exceeds 2.3 million. Until 2008, its population was over 1.5 million people.
Founded in the 18th century , Dubai was a poor and isolated city of the world that survived mainly from pearl fishing until the end of the 19th century . Through a difficult period between the two world wars, before entering fully into modernity in the second half of the 20th century , Dubai participated in the creation of the current United Arab Emirates in 1971 with its emir as vice president .
Although it never became the capital of the United Arab Emirates, Dubai has become the most famous city in the federation. It is, in turn, recognized as the most cosmopolitan city in the world. Dubai manages to have the most modern infrastructure of today. This reputation is mainly due to the coverage of the media for its architectural works such as artificial islands such as the Palm Islands (an artificial peninsula in the shape of a palm tree) and The World (an artificial archipelago that reproduces the map of the world), the the most luxurious hotel in the world as the Burj al Arab (only seven stars in the world), the highest skyscraper as the Burj Khalifa (the highest in the world with 848 m), and the Dubai Marina with its disproportionate but luxurious buildings.
Flights to Dubai
Dubai International Airport - DXB
The Dubai International Airport ( IATA : DXB) is an air terminal located in the city of Dubai , in the United Arab Emirates . It is an important air transportation hub in the Middle East, and is the main airport in Dubai. It is located in the district of Al Garhoud, 4 km (2.5 miles) southeast of Dubai .
This airport is the main base of the Emirates and Emirates airline SkyCargo , the largest airline in the Middle East, Emirates handles 60% of all passenger traffic, and represents 38% of all aircraft movements at the airport. Dubai Airport is also the base for the low-cost airline, Flydubai . As of July 2010, there are more than 6,000 weekly flights operated by 130 airlines to more than 215 destinations on all continents except Antarctica.
In 2011 DXB handled a registry of 50.98 million passengers, an increase of 8% compared to fiscal year 2010. This made the airport the 13th busiest in the world by passenger traffic and the fourth busiest airport in the world for international passenger traffic. In addition to being an important center of passenger traffic, the airport was the sixth busiest cargo airport in the world, handling 3.27 million tons of cargo in the year 2011. The total number of commercial aircraft movements in 2011 It was 360,317. As of January 2012, DXB is the sixth busiest airport in the world for cargo traffic, and the 14 busiest airport in the world for passenger traffic. Because of the large number of stores at the airport, this place is considered the largest in duty-free sales in the country
The Dubai International Airport will be complemented by the Al Maktoum International Airport , a new airport that will help manage the flow of passengers in the future.
Average for Dubai
The climate in Dubai is hot desert . The summers are very hot, windy and humid, with an average maximum temperature of about 41 C and an average nighttime minimum of about 30 C during the hottest month of August. Most days of the year are sunny. Winters are hot with an average maximum temperature of 24 C and an average minimum of 14 C during the coldest month - January. Precipitation has increased over the last few decades, reaching 94.3 mm per year. High humidity in the summer may be unpleasant to many. Sand storms are possible .
The geographical position of the emirate, whose ports are located at the intersection of sea routes from India and the countries of South-East Asia to Europe and Africa, positively influenced the economy of the region. In Dubai, a large number of merchants from India, many of whom later settled in their permanent place of residence. Due to the decline in the pearl export industry, where the emirate specialized until the 1930s , mass migration of the population to other parts of the Persian Gulf began. Sheikh Said, forced to seek alternative sources of income, decided to turn Dubai into one of the leading centers of re-export in the world. Wanting to attract foreign traders, the sheikh significantly reduced taxation, thus enticing merchants, including British ones, from the neighboring emirate of Sharjah , which was at that time the main trade center of the region. Early recognizing the huge economic potential of Dubai, the sheikh contributed to the prosperity of the emirate and its capital.
In the 1950s , due to a large wave of migration of British businessmen from Sharjah, Dubai was electrified, established a telephone connection and built an international airport. Son of the previous Sheikh Rashid bin Saeed Al Maktoum , has built the first modern highway in Dubai - Sheikh Zayed Road , Al Maktoum Bridge ( 1963 ), organized the clearing of the coastal waters of the emirate for the construction of a more convenient navigation fairway : Deep Harbor Port Rashid ( 1967 - 1972 ), the second harbor in Jebel Ali(the world's largest artificial harbor). He created a free trade zone in Jebel Ali and founded the World Trade Center in Dubai.
A significant increase in oil prices after the fighting in the Persian Gulf affected the economic policy of the Emirate of Dubai, aimed at promoting free trade and inbound tourism. The success of the free zone of Jebel Ali gave rise to the copying of this model, the creation of new free zones, including the Internet city of Dubai, the City of Media Dubai and the skyscraper district of Dubai Marina (Sea City) with the chain of Jumeirah Lake Towers and one of the most fashionable marinas in the world . Some of the world's largest hotels were built: Burj Al Arab ("Parus"), Jumeirah Beach hotel (in the business center "Madinat Jumeirah" ), the Rose Tower Hotel, the Burj Khalifa ( Khalifa Tower) skyscraper - the highest autonomous hotel in the world, also created new residential areas and numerous shopping and entertainment complexes with large areas, attractive for tourists (Dubai Mall, Emirates Mall, Marina Mall), water park Wild Wadi Water Park.
The history of high-rise construction in Dubai began with a 39-story Dubai World Trade Center , whose height is 149 meters, built in 1979 . Upon completion of construction, this building was the highest in the Middle East . Since 1999 , and especially after 2005 , Dubai is experiencing a real high-rise construction boom. All 38 skyscrapers above 220 meters were built after 1999 . As of June 2011 in Dubai, 38 high-rise buildings taller than 120 meters, as well as 19 constructed and planned for construction. Such interesting projects as the highest residential building in the world - Pentominium and the world's first rotating skyscraper - Dynamic Tower are being constructed and offered .
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Current conditions for Dubai, (DXB), United Arab Emirates (25.25°/55.33°)
Altitude: 26.25ft / 8m
Temperature: 104 °F / 40 °C
- Feels like:
- 126 °F / 52 °C
- 79 °F / 26 °C
- Wind direction:
- 340° NNW
- Wind speed:
- 16mi per hr / 26km per hr (14kts per sec / 7m per sec)
- Cloud cover:
- 6.21mi / 10km
- 29.76in / 1005.1mb
Content from Wikipedia.