Athens is the capital of Greece . It is located in the historical area of Attica and is the economic, cultural and administrative center of the country. The city is named in honor of the goddess of war and wisdom of Athena , who was the patron of the ancient policy. Athens has a rich history; in the classical period (V century BC), the city-state reached the peak of its development, defining many tendencies in the development of the later European culture. This is how the names of the philosophers of Socrates , Plato and Aristotle , who laid the foundations of European philosophy, the tragedies of Aeschylus ,Sophocles and Euripides , who stood at the origins of the drama; the political system of ancient Athens was democracy .
Athens is surrounded by mountains: Egaleo, Parnis , Pendelikon and Imitos . The total population of the urban agglomeration is 1/3 of the total population of Greece and is, according to the 2011 census , 3,090,508 people. Thus, the population density of the urban agglomeration is 7,500 people per 1 km. The height of the city center above the sea level is 20 meters, while the terrain of the city is very diverse, with plains and mountains.
Flights to Athens
Athens International Airport - ATH
Athens International Airport named after Eleftherios Venizelos is the largest airport in Greece serving Athens and located 20 kilometers from the city center in the Attica region . It is the home port of the Greek airlines Aegean Airlines and Olympic Air .
The airport serves more than 16 million passengers a year and was named after the Greek politician Eleftherios Venizelos who, as prime minister, founded the Ministry of Aviation, and also made constant efforts to organize civil aviation. The airport is becoming increasingly popular as a hub for Southeast and East Asia, for flights to Bangkok , Doha , Singapore and Beijing and is Europe's largest airport in the Middle East because of its proximity to the region. He is known for his constant investment in innovative technology. In addition, the airport has the ability to receive Airbus A380 aircraft. They were certified by the European Aviation Safety Agency and the Civil Aviation Administration.
Average for Athens
Athens has a hot Mediterranean climate. The climate of Athens is the subtropical semi-desert. In winter, there are occasional frosts, sometimes snow falls. Summer is very hot and arid. Frosts in the period from April to November are excluded. Any significant precipitation may be absent for several months. Due to the influence of the Mediterranean Sea, autumn is very long, and spring comes a little later.
The rapid economic growth of Athens began in the second half of the 19th century, after the completion of the Greek Revolution and the final formation of the Greek state. The transformation of Athens into the capital, the emergence of industrial enterprises made the city the center of urban processes in Greece.
Favorable economic and geographical position of the city, in which the main land mains of the country are connected with latitudinal sea routes, acts as a favorable factor. It is here that important railway tracks intersect, there are the "sea gates" of Greece - the Piraeus port, and the international airport "Eleftherios Venizelos". The growth of the city's population was facilitated by the flow of refugees after the Greco-Turkish war of 1919-1922 .
Bank of Greece In Greater Athens, more than 50% of the employed in the manufacturing industry of the country are concentrated. Simultaneously, the capital industry consumes about 80% of all electricity produced and produces about 70% of the total Greek industrial output . In Greater Athens the enterprises of textile, sewing, leather-shoe, food, metalworking and metallurgical, chemical, printing and other industries are based. In the vicinity of Athens stand out industrial objects of the postwar years - the oil refinery Aspropyrgos Refinery in Aspropyrgos, the shipyard Hellenic Shipyards in Skaramangas  , the metallurgical plant in Elefsin ...etc.
Athens is the largest trade, distribution and financial center of the country, in particular, in Athens, more than 2.5 million tons of oil are processed every year. Through Greater Athens, up to 70% of imports and 40% of Greece's exports pass . In Athens, the largest banking institutions in Greece - the Bank of Greece , the National Bank of Greece , Emporiki Bank , Piraeus Bank , etc., are based.
At the end of 2009, the economy of Athens, like Greece as a whole, found itself in a very difficult situation. The program of anti-crisis measures of the government of Yorgos Papandreou caused a wave of nationwide strikes. Throughout 2010, Athens remains the main unit of almost continuous nationwide strikes , riots and terrorist attacks
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Content from Wikipedia.