Amsterdam - is the capital and biggest city of the Netherlands . It has been the capital of the kingdom since 1814 . Located in the province of North Holland in the west of the country at the mouth of the rivers Amstel and Hey . Amsterdam is connected by the Nordsee Canal to the North Sea .
As of January 1, 2012 the population of the municipality of Amsterdam is 801 847 people , together with the suburbs (urban district) - 2.3 million people. Amsterdam is part of the Randstad metropolitan area , which is the 6th largest in Europe.
The name of the city came from two words: "Amstel" - the name of the river and "ladies" - "dam". In the XII century it was a small fishing village, but during the Golden Age of the Netherlands Amsterdam became one of the most important ports of the world and a major shopping center.
The city is a place of concentration of various cultures - in April 2009, representatives of 177 nationalities lived here.
Amsterdam is also the financial and cultural capital of the Netherlands. Here are located the headquarters of 7 of the world's 500 largest companies, for example, Philips and ING Groep . Also in the center of the city is the oldest stock exchange in the world .
In Amsterdam, the main office of Greenpeace is located.
Many attractions: Rijksmuseum , Vincent Van Gogh Museum , City Museum , Hermitage on Amstel , red light district (De Wallen) - annually attracts about 4.2 million tourists to the city.
Flights to Amsterdam
Amsterdam International Airport - AMS
Amsterdam Schiphol Airport - is the main airport of the Netherlands , located 17.5 km. to the south-west and 20 minutes from Amsterdam , in the municipality of Harlemmermeer . The official name in English sounds Amsterdam Airport Schiphol , preserving the sequence of words of the Dutch name ( Luchthaven Schiphol ). The airport also had an earlier IATA SPL code , but it went out of use.
Schiphol - the most important air gateway of Europe , along with the London airport Heathrow in the UK , Frankfurt International Airport in Germany and the airport of Paris - Charles de Gaulle Airport in France . In 2015, Schiphol served 58,284,864 passengers, which is the fifth indicator in Europe. In 2013, through Schiphol was transported 1,565,961 tons of cargo, according to this indicator Schiphol lost in Europe, only the airports Frankfurt and Paris - Charles de Gaulle .
At Schiphol, there are five main runways , another runway serves small aircraft. There are plans to build the seventh runway.
The airport is built as one large terminal with large halls for passengers, the construction of the last of them was completed in 1994. Further expansion of the terminal is planned.
Due to the high traffic intensity and the high level of airport picking, some budget carriers have decided to transfer their flights to other airports, such as Rotterdam and Eindhoven . However, with the launch of the pier H, many low-cost airlines (such as easyJet and bmibaby ) continue to use Schiphol. The fee for parking at Schiphol airport starts from 5 euros per day.
Schiphol is the base airport of KLM , Martinair and Transavia and an important hub for Delta Air Lines .
Schiphol won more than 120 prizes during his lifetime. In 1980, 1981, 1984, 1985, 1986, 1990 and 2003 he was recognized as the best airport in the world. Schiphol belonged to the title of "Europe's Best Airport" for 15 consecutive years (1988-2003). In 2005 Schiphol served the flights of 260 destinations in 91 countries of the world. To date, the Skytrax rating of the airport is 4 stars, only 9 airports have such a rating .
In Schiphol there are large shopping malls that bring additional revenue to the airport, while providing additional services for passengers.
Schiphol from all the world's largest commercial airports is in the lowest place - 3 meters below sea level. The height of the air traffic control tower is 101 m, after construction in 1991 it was the highest construction in the world of this kind.
Schiphol also has a morgue where the bodies of the deceased are processed and stored before dispatch or after arrival.
Since October 2006 in Schiphol, you can get married and go on a honeymoon.
Average for Amsterdam
Amsterdam is in a temperate climate zone, with great sea influence. The city is dominated by northwesterly winds, often there are squall gusts and storms. In winter, temperatures rarely fall below 0 C, frosts occur when cold air masses move from Scandinavia and Eastern Europe . Summer in the city is warm, but not hot. The average annual precipitation is 760 mm, with most of it occurring between October and March
Amsterdam Economy and Tourism
Amsterdam is the financial capital of the Netherlands. It is one of the largest cities in Europe by the number of banks and corporations, after London , Paris , Frankfurt and Barcelona . In Amsterdam there are the headquarters of such organizations as ABN AMRO , Akzo Nobel , Heineken , ING Groep , Ahold , TNT Express , TomTom , Delta Lloyd Group , VimpelCom Ltd and Philips. In the historical center of the city there are still offices of some companies, but most of them are placed on the southern outskirts.
The Amsterdam Stock Exchange is the oldest in the world and one of the largest in Europe. It is located near Dam Square in the city center.
Amsterdam is one of the most popular tourist centers in Europe, annually it is visited by more than 4.63 million guests from other countries. Two-thirds of the hotels are located in the city center. The four- and five-star hotels account for about 42% of all beds. Most tourists (74%) come from other European countries. Among guests from non-European countries, the largest proportion are US citizens (14% of the total number of tourists .
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Current conditions for Amsterdam, (AMS), Netherlands (52.3°/4.77°)
Altitude: -13.12ft / -4m
Temperature: 42.8 °F / 6 °C
- Feels like:
- 36 °F / 2 °C
- 39 °F / 4 °C
- Wind direction:
- 230° SW
- Wind speed:
- 14mi per hr / 22km per hr (12kts per sec / 6m per sec)
- Cloud cover:
- 6.21mi / 10km
- 30.05in / 1014.9mb
Content from Wikipedia.